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  Wednesday 23-Apr-2014
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About Us ::  Our Role
Meaning of what is Copyright in a ‘sound recording’ is well-defined by Section 14(e) of the Copyright Act, which is self-explanatory. Copyright is an exclusive right.

The owner has invested his precious time, money, hard-work and skill in creating and/or acquiring copyrights and marketing the music. Owner is already a victim of rampant piracy, both physical or by internet (MP3).

Copyright includes, but is not limited to, communication to public, public performance, broadcast, re-production, storage including temporary storage, etc. Copyright empowers the owner in two ways: (i) to issue of physical copies (eg audio cassette, compact disc CD, DVD etc); (ii) to issue/grant licences for exploitation through non-physical means, such as broadcasting. Purchase of a music CD from the market authorises only private listening, at home or vehicle. For communication to public or public performance, including in commercial establishments or public places, appropriate licensing is a must.

If a copyright owner does not find it convenient or cost-effective to administer and/or enforce his copyright licensing on his own, he has the option of becoming a member of a copyright collecting society. Collecting societies are established to function as a “single window” between owners and users. User is saved the trouble of locating and negotiating with individual owner, his heir etc; and vice versa.

Membership of PPL copyright society is voluntary. PPL’s members are music labels, a majority of whom are very small labels specialized in regional repertoire. PPL-administered repertoire is a large library of songs, in Hindi, other Indian languages and English, in film and non-film genre. PPL does not canvas for membership. Yet, PPL’s membership roster has grown year after year – currently, PPL has more than 290 members, as compared to approx. 140 members in 2007. PPL’s members are from all parts of India.

PPL does not charge any admission/joining fee, annual subscription fee or renewal fees. PPL distributes away the royalty earnings, after deducting its actual administrative and running costs.

Phonographic Performance Limited (PPL-India) is the copyright society in respect of sound recording, registered with the Government of India.
Issue of Licences
One of the Key functions of PPL is to negotiate terms of use, typically on a blanket basis, with users, in the broadcasting, television, Internet mobile telephony or other category of users namely Hotels, Discotheques, Restaurants cinemas etc., as per its Tariff scheme. PPL collects the royalties due direct from each Licencee, according to the terms of the Licence.
Music reporting
The Licence requires the Licencees (excepting public performance in establishments) to provide data, on electronic reporting formats where possible, listing each work exploited performed by the Licencee, the title, the duration, the labels using standard ISRC codes, where possible.
Enforcement of IPR
PPL actively monitors for copyright infringements -- this includes exploitation of PPL-administered repertoire without licence, non-reporting/under-reporting/suppression of actual usage, etc. PPL initiates legal action, civil and/or criminal, against infringers in appropriate courts of law.
PPL matches/ analyses the reported track-wise usage logs against its database of sound recordings of its members in order to allocate the correct proportion of the revenues collected under Licence to the appropriate right-owners. These are distributed on a regular basis to the members of the society, at least once a quarter.